Key Stage 3 (KS3) English Curriculum

KS3 reading

In KS3, children are expected to develop an appreciation and love of reading, and read increasingly challenging material independently. This includes reading a wide range of fiction and non-fiction, including in particular whole books, short stories, poems and plays from a variety of genres, historical periods, forms and authors.

They will study: 

  • English literature, pre-1914 and contemporary, including prose, poetry and drama
  • Shakespeare(two plays)
  • Seminal world literature

Students are expected to choose and read books independently, and to re-read books they've already covered to increase their familiarity with them and provide a basis for making comparisons.

They develop their understanding of increasingly challenging texts through learning new vocabulary, using context and dictionaries, making inferences and referring to evidence in the text, and using their knowledge of purpose, audience and context to help their understanding.

Pupils learn to check their understanding to make sure what they've read makes sense, read critically, recognise a range of poetic and dramatic conventions, study setting, plot and characterisation, and understand how the work of dramatists is communicated through performance. They will study work by a range of authors, including studying at least two authors in depth each year.

KS3 writing

In their written work, students are taught to write accurately, fluently, effectively and at length, for a range of purposes and audiences, including:

  • Essays
  • Stories, scripts, poetry and other imaginative writing
  • Notes and scripts for talks and presentations
  • A range of other texts, including arguments, and personal and formal letters.

They learn to summarise and organise their material and apply their growing knowledge of vocabulary, grammar and text structure to their writing. 

They should be taught to plan, draft, edit and proof-read their work, considering how their writing reflects its intended audience and purpose, amending their vocabulary, grammar and structure to improve their writing, and paying attention to accurate spelling and punctuation.




KS3 grammar and vocabulary

In KS3, pupils are expected to consolidate their knowledge of the grammar and vocabulary they learned at primary school. They do this by:

  • Analysing more challenging texts
  • Studying the effectiveness of the grammatical features of the texts they read
  • Picking up new vocabulary and grammatical tools from the books and other texts they read, and using them in their own writing and speech
  • Understanding the differences between written and spoken English, including formal and informal registers, and Standard Englishand other varieties of English
  • Using Standard English confidently in their written and spoken work
  • Using linguistic and literary terminology to discuss reading, writing and spoken language.

KS3 spoken language

At this stage, students are taught to speak confidently and effectively. They are expected to use Standard English confidently in a range of contexts, including classroom discussions, speeches and presentations. They should be able to express their own ideas and keep to the point. Pupils take part in formal debates and structured discussions. They improvise, rehearse and perform play scripts and poetry, and use role, intonation, tone, volume, mood, silence, stillness and action to add impact.

Key Stage 3 (KS3) Mathematics Curriculum

KS3 number

  • Place value
  • Positive and negative integers, decimals and fractions
  • Prime numbers, factors and multiples
  • The four operations (add, subtract, multiply, divide)
  • Using conventional notation for the priority of operations
  • Powers and roots
  • Terminating decimals and their corresponding fractions
  • Percentages
  • Units of mass, length, time, money etc
  • Rounding up/down
  • Approximation and estimation
  • Using calculators and technology to solve problems

KS3 algebra

  • Using and interpreting algebraic notation
  • Substituting numerical values into formulae
  • The concepts of expressions, equations, inequalities, terms and factors
  • Simplifying algebraic expressions
  • Understanding and using standard mathematical formulae
  • Linear equations
  • Coordinates in all four quadrants
  • Graphs of linear and quadratic functions
  • Approximate solutions to conceptual problems
  • Arithmetic and geometric sequences

KS3 ratio, proportion and rates of change

  • Changing between standard units
  • Scale factors, scale diagrams and maps
  • Ratio notation
  • Expressing quantities as ratios or fractions
  • Solving percentage change problems
  • Direct and inverse proportion
  • Compound units such as speed, density and unit pricing

KS3 geometry and measures

  • Problems of perimeterarea and volume
  • Angles
  • Interpreting scale drawings
  • Using ruler and compass
  • Drawing and labelling using conventional terms and notations
  • Translations, rotations and reflections
  • Congruent triangles
  • Faces, surfaces and edges
  • Pythagoras' Theorem

KS3 probability 

  • Recording, describing and analysing probability experiments
  • Tables, grids and Venn diagrams
  • Theoretical sample spaces for single and combined events

KS3 statistics

  • Mean, mode, median, range and spread of outliers
  • Constructing and interpreting frequency tables, bar charts, pie charts, pictograms, scatter graphs and vertical line charts
  • Describing simple mathematical relationships between two variables